When we are looking to teach our children about the companions of the Prophet ﷺ where do we begin?
The Companions of the Prophet ﷺ are the best of role models for ourselves and our children but it can be a little overwhelming on where to start and who first to introduce to your children. There were over 100,000 companions so where do you begin?
There are many different groups of companions all differing in virtue and what they where known for however to make it easier for you, I have compiled a short list of the different groups of companions and the Salaf you can introduce to your child.
Group #1 - The Ten Promised Paradise.
This group of companions where promised Jannah from the saying of the The Prophet ﷺ.
Narrated by 'Abdur-Rahman Bin 'Awf: that the Messenger of Allaah ﷺ said: "Abu Bakr is in Paradise, 'Umar is in Paradise, 'Uthmaan is in Paradise,'Ali is in Paradise, Talhah is in Paradise, Az-Zubair is in Paradise, 'Abdur-Rahman Bin 'Awf is in Paradise, Sa'd Bin Abi Waqqaas is in Paradise, Sa'eed Bin Zayd is in Paradise, and Abu 'Ubaidah Bin Al-Jarraah is in Paradise."
They received the glad tidings of entering Jannah in this world at the mouth of The Prophet ﷺ! How amazing. They include the rightly guided khulafah also.
Group #2 - The Wives of The Prophet ﷺ
These were the wives of The Prophet ﷺ and we can learn so much from then. They witnessed the ins and out of the Prophet's ﷺ behaviour at home and how he was when he was with his family and with His Lord. Aa'ishaa radhiyallahu anhaa was from the major scholars of Islaam at her time due to the amount of narrations she gathered when she was married to The Prophet ﷺ.
The wives of the Prophet ﷺ are, Khadeejah, Zaynab bint Jahsh, Zaynab, Aa'ishaa, Umm Salamah, Maymunah, Hafsah, Sawdah, Juwayrriyyah, Umm Habibah and Saffiyah Bint Huyaay, May Allaah be pleased with them all.
Group #3 - The Children Companions
These companions are those who were children when The Prophet ﷺ received revelation. They learnt so much at a tender age and lived a very long time after the passing of the Prophet ﷺ. Many of the major scholars came from this group such as Anas bin Malik radhiyallahu anhu.
Group #4 - The Family of the Prophet ﷺ
Many of the Prophet's ﷺ family entered into Islaam. From his daughters, his uncles, his cousins and more. Some of them rejected the message and later accepted and some accepted straight away such as the Prophet's cousin Ali radhiyallahu anhu.
Group #5 - The Muhajiroon and Ansaar
The Muhajiroon where the companions who migrated to Al Madinah from Makkah. They went through many tests a struggles at the advent of Islaam and where tested immensely. Some of the prominent companions who were from the Muhajiroon are Salman Al Farasi, Bilal bin Rabah and Abu Dhaar al Ghifaari. The Ansaar are those companions who were in Madinah when the Muslims emigrated there and accepted Islaam and supported the message. They were from the prominent tribes of al Madinah and helped The Prophet ﷺ. Some of them were Sa'd bin Ubadah, Zayd bin Arqam, Nusaybah bint Ka'ab and many more.
Group #6 - The Salaf
They are those who met the companions and gathered narrations, learnt manners and aided in the spread of Islaam and where it is today. There are many scholars who complied books of hadeeth, fiqh, tafsir that we continue to benefit from, Alhamdulillah.
Some of them are Imam Al- Bukhari, Imam Maalik, Imam Muslim and many others.
You will be with those whom you love!
No doubt, learning about them, following their way and building a connection with their biographies brings about love for them. And what better way to nurture your children then on the stories of these noble people. By teaching your children about their lives, sacrifice, character and the many other virtues, your family will recognise the effort they put in in spreading the religion of Allaah.
This is by no means an exhaustive list but rather a stepping stone in the right direction in shaa Allaah!
Let's bring their stories into our homes and nurture our children upon their natural fitrah!
Check out these books to help you on your journey in learning about these AMAZING people! In Shaa Allaah.